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The fleet will be put on the road before the end of the year in the US, Europe and Israel, allowing engineers to test technology in a wide range of environments.

Intel and its newly-acquired Mobileye division have announced plans to build 100 prototype cars capable of Level 4 autonomous operation before the end of the year.The SAE defines a Level 4 vehicle as capable of handling all driving tasks in certain conditions. Unlike Level 3 systems, which require the human driver to intervene when necessary, a Level 4 vehicle will be able to safely handle situations in which the human driver does not respond to a request to intervene.

Mobileye will deploy its fleet of Level 4 prototypes in the US, Europe and Israel, enabling engineers to test the technology in widely diverse conditions.

"Geographic diversity is very important as different regions have very diverse driving styles as well as different road conditions and signage," says Mobileye co-founder Amnon Shashua. "Our goal is to develop autonomous vehicle technology that can be deployed anywhere, which means we need to test and train the vehicles in varying locations."

Intel suggests the test vehicles will showcase Mobileye's computer vision, sensing, fusion, mapping and driving capabilities along with Intel's open computing platforms and 5G communication technologies that enable a "car-to-cloud" system.

The chip maker believes autonomous cars could present a $70 billion market opportunity by 2030.